Thursday, 28 April 2011

leadership lecture notes

Objectives of the lesson
After studying this lesson, you should understand:
1. The Concept of Ledership
2. Difference between leadership and management
3. Some leadership theories
Human beings are the most precious part of the organization and the effective utilisation of the capacity of human resources depends upon management. Management can get the results from the people in the organisation in two ways: (i) by exercise of authority vested in it, or (ii) by winning support of the
people. Out of these, the second method is better as it has a lasting effect over the people’s motivation. However, it is only possible when a manager becomes their leader in the real sense
to influence their behaviour in desired direction. This leadership is an essential ingredient for successful organisation. The successful organisation has one major attribute that sets it apart from unsuccessful organisation that is dynamic and effective leadership. .
Concept of Leadership
Leadership is the process of influencing the behaviour of others to work willingly and enthusiastically for achieving predetermined goals. We have seen in Chapter 14 that the targets’ responses to use of power vary along a continuum ranging from resistance to commitment. Any type of compliance tending towards resistance is unwillingly and that tending towards commitment is willingly and enthusiastically.
The latter type of response is the objective of leadership. Now we can move to a formal definition of leadership. Tennenbaum et al have defined leadership as follows:
“Leadership is interpersonal influence exercised in a situation and directed through communication process,
towards the attainment of a specified goal or goals.
This definition puts emphasis on influencing through communication. However, it does not emphasise the
enthusiasm with which the receiver of the communication will act. Terry has defined leadership in the context of enthusiastic contribution. He says that:
“Leadership is essentially a continuous process of influencing behaviour. A leader breathes life into the
group and motivates it towards goals. The lukewarm desires for achievement are transformed into a burning
passion for accomplishment”.
A more recent definition of leadership is as follows:
“Leadership is the process of influencing and supporting others to work enthusiastically toward achieving

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